Definitions

From the Reed College Bulletin, August 1, 1968:

“Paideia,” a word from the freshman humanities course, means “training physical and mental faculties to produce an enlightened mature outlook, combined with maximum cultural development.”

Various definitions from Lidell-Scott

Paideia

παιδεία, ἡ, rearing of a child, A.Th.18.

2. training and teaching, education, opp. τροφή, Ar.Nu.961, Th.2.39 (pl.); π. καὶ τροφή Pl.Phd.107d, Phlb.55d.

3. its result, mental culture, learning, education, ἡ π. εὐτυχοῦσι κόσμος, ἀτυχοῦσι καταφύγιον Democr.180, cf. Pl.Prt.327d, Grg.470e, R.376e, Arist.Pol.1338a30, etc.; τῆς Λακεδαιμονίων π. Pl.Prt.343a: in pl., parts or systems of education, Id.Lg.653c, 804d.

4. culture of trees, Thphr.CP3.7.4.

5. πλεκτὰν Αἰγύπτου παιδείαν ἐξηρτήσασθε the twisted handiwork of Egypt, i.e. (acc. to Sch.) ropes of papyrus, E.Tr.129 (lyr.).

6. anything taught or learned, art, science, π. ἱερή, of medicine, IG14.2104.

7. chastisement, LxxPr.22.15, Ep.Hebr.12.5.

 Paideuma

 παίδευμα, ατος, τό, that which is reared up or educated, i.e. nursling, scholar, pupil, E.El.887: [ὑμεῖς] παιδεύματα θεῶν ὄντες Pl.Ti.24d; μῆλα, φυλλάδος Παρανασίας παιδεύματʼ E.Andr.1100; χθονίων τʼ ἀερίων τε παιδεύματα i.e. animals and birds, Id.Fr.27.5 (lyr.): in pl., of a single object, Id.Hipp.11.

II. thing taught, subject of instruction, S.Fr.1120.3, Pl.Lg.747c (pl.), X.Oec.7.6, D.60.16 (pl.), Arist.Pol.1338a11 (pl.).

2. means of instruction, κακόν τι π. ἦν ἄρʼ .. ὁ πλοῦτος E.Fr.54; πρὸς ἀρετήν D.H.Isoc.4.

Pais

 παῖς also παῦς (q.v.), παιδός, ὁ, ἡ, acc. sg. παῖδαν SEG32.611 (Thessaly, i b.c.), gen. pl. παίδων, Dor. παιδῶν Greg.Cor.p.317 S.; dat. pl. παισί, SEG23.416 (Thessaly, v b.c.), Ep. παίδεσσι Od.3.381, etc.; in early Ep. freq. disyll. in nom. πάϊς, e.g. when forming part of two different feet, Il.2.609, 5.704, etc.; prob. also in the fifth foot, 9.57, 11.389; and before bucolic diaeresis, 2.205, al.; also in Lyr., Sapph.38, 85; and in Boeot., IG7.690, al. (Tanagra), cf. πῆς; πάϊ [ᾰῑ] Od.24.192 (παιδ- is never disyll. in oblique cases in Hom.); acc. πάϊν A.R.4.697, AP3.8 (Inscr. Cyzic.), 9.125; gen. παϊδός Epigr.ap.Luc.Symp.41; dat. παϊδί prob. in Anacr.17: see also πᾶς (B).

I. in relation to Descent, child, whether son, Il.2.205.609, al.: pl., Th.1.4, etc.; or daughter, Il.1.20, 443, 3.175; παῖδες ἄρρενες καὶ θήλειαι Pl.Lg.788a; παῖς, opp. κόρα, Berl.Sitzb.1927.7 (Locr, v b.c.); of an adopted son, ἀλλά σε παῖδα ποιεύμην Il.9.494; παίδων παῖδες, τοί κεν μετόπισθε γένωνται 20.308, cf. Pi.N.7.100, Cypr. pa-i-ta-se παῖδας ICS217.11, etc.; Ἀγήνορος παῖδες ἐκ παίδων E.Ph.281; freq. in orators of legal issue, Isoc.19.9, Is.7.31, etc.; of animals, A.Ag.50 (anap.).

2. metaph., ἀμπέλου π., of wine, Pi.N.9.52; χορῶν ἐραστὴς κισσὸς ἐνιαυτοῦ δὲ παῖς Chaerem.5; ὀρείας πέτρας π., of Echo, E.Hec.1110; ὅρκου π. ἀνώνυμος, of the penalty of perjury, Orac.ap.Hdt.6.86.γ ́; ἄναυδοι π. τᾶς ἀμιάντου, of fishes, A.Pers.578 (lyr.).

3. periphr., παισὶν .. Αἰτναίων Pi.N.9.30, οἱ Λυδῶν παῖδες sons of the Lydians, i.e. the Lydians, Hdt.1.27, cf. 5.49; π. Ἑλλήνων A.Pers.402; οἱ [Ἀσκληπιοῦ] π., i.e. physicians, Pl.R.407e; οἱ ζωγράφων π. painters, Id.Lg.769b; παῖδες ῥητόρων orators, Luc.Anach.19; π. ἰατρῶν, π. πλαστῶν καὶ γραφέων, Id.Dips.5, Im.9; cf. υἱός 2.

II. in relation to Age, child, boy or girl, νέος π. Od.4.665; παῖδες νεαροί Il.2.289; σμίκρα π. Sapph.34: with another Subst., π. συφορβός boy-swineherd, Il.21.282; παῖδα κόρην γαμεῖν Ar.Lys.595; ἐν παισὶ νέοισι π. Pi.N.3.72; π. ἔτʼ ὤν A.Ch.755, cf. Il.11.710; ἔτι π. Pl.Prt.310e; παιδὸς μηδὲν βελτίων ib. 342e: distd. from παιδίον, μειράκιον, Hp.Hebd.5, cf. X.Smp.4.17, Cyr.8.7.6, 1.2.4; ἐκ παιδός from a child, Pl.R.374c; ἐκ παιδὸς εἰς γῆρας Aeschin.1.180; ἐκ τῶν παίδων εὐθύς Pl.Lg.694d, cf. R.386a; ἀκούων τῶν παίδων εὐθύς Id.Lg.642b; εὐθὺς ἐκ παίδων ἐξελθών D.21.154; ἡλικίαν ἔχειν τὴν ἄρτι ἐκ π. to be just out of one’s childhood, X.HG5.4.25; ἐκ μικρῶν π. Arist.Pol.1336a14; [Ἡρακλῆς] ἐν παισὶν ὄφεις ἀπέκτεινεν D.C.56.36; ἐν παισὶ (v.l. παιδὶ) ποιμαίνων Hdn.6.8.1; χορηγεῖν παισί (cf.  χορηγέω ii): prov., τοῦτο κἂν π. γνοίη Pl.Euthd.279d; δῆλον τοῦτό γε ἤδη καὶ παιδί Id.Smp.204b; παῖδας [τοὺς πρὸ αὐτοῦ] ἀπέφηνε Luc.Peregr.11, cf. Alex.4; ἔνι τις καὶ ἐν ἡμῖν π., of the superstitious fears of a child, Pl.Phd.77e, cf. Porph.Abst.1.41, at Sparta, boy in fifth year of public education, i.e. eleven years old, Λέξεις Ἡροδότου in Stein Hdt. ii p.465 (Berlin 1871).

III. in relation to Condition, slave, servant, man or maid (of all ages), Hippon13 W., παῖ, παῖ A.Ch.653, cf. Ar.Ach.395, Epicr.5.2, etc.; παῖ, παιδίον Ar.Nu.132: pl., of the crew of a ship, D.33.8. (From *παϝις, cf. παῦρος, Lat. puer.)

IV. pl. voc., as a form of familiar address to equals, Ar.Eq.419, Theoc.10.52, 13.52.

b. as an exclamation, approximating to sense of παπαῖ, Men.Dysc.500, Mis.216, Sam.678, 690, etc., Macho 215 G.

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